Retracing 31 August 1957 Retracing 31 August 1957

First Wave


The revival of nationalism was initiated by young graduates of higher education from the Middle East. Prominent figures such as Sheikh Tahir Jalaluddin Al-Azahari Al-Falaki, Syed Sheikh Al-Hadi, Sheikh Muhammad ibn Salim Al-Kalali, Sheik Muhammad bin Akil, Sheikh Awad bin Saidin and Haji Abas bin Taha.

23 July 1906

The Al-Imam magazine was published and became a platform for these leaders to voice out their opposition against the British. They brought the concept of the teachings of Muhammad Abduh of Egypt. The British on the other hand used the scholars and religious figures in Malaya to contest this faction with reasons that they are contrary to the teachings of Islam.

The religious leaders and dignitaries of the Malay States forbade this group from entering Malaya whereas the centre of their activities at the time was in Singapore and Penang. Due to this pressure by 1920 the British managed to undermine their cause. Although the various newspapers such as Neracha, Warta Malaya, Saudara and Al-Ikhwan were still published, the voices of this faction started to wane.


The Sultan Idris Training College (SITC), Tanjung Malim in Perak was established to educate Malay teachers. This is among one of the education centres for the Malay children apart from the Malay College Kuala Kangsar that was reserved for the children of Malay royalty and nobles.

Sultan Idris Training College, Tanjung Malim, Perak.

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